Home / Special Issue / JSSH Vol. 29 (S1) 2021 / JSSH(S)-1492-2021

 

Embedding Entrepreneurial Knowledge in Vocational College Curriculum: A Case Study of the Competency of TVET Instructors

Muhd Khaizer Omar, Khamsiah Ismail, Arnida Abdullah, Suhaida Abdul Kadir and Rosnani Jusoh

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 29, Issue S1, December 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.s1.06

Keywords: Entrepreneurial competency, instructor, technical and vocational education and training (TVET), vocational college

Published on: 14 April 2021

­Entrepreneurial knowledge is important and it has been adopted in numerous curriculum and subject matters. Even though the embedding of the entrepreneurship syllabus in the curriculum might be able to enhance the knowledge of the students and subsequently trigger their interests in business, very often students would forget about it once they graduated from the program and fail to put their entrepreneurial knowledge to use. One of the common postulations was the lack of effective teaching by the teachers. Based on this assumption, a case study was conducted to explore the competency requirement of teachers related to the teaching of entrepreneurial-based knowledge and to investigate the process of teaching and learning entrepreneurship curriculum in the classroom settings. A semi-structured interview was conducted to the 7 informants. The informants were chosen using purposive sampling from the selected vocational colleges (3 instructors, 3 students, and 1 director). In-depth and constant comparative analysis was utilized to validate the themes. We triangulated the narratives along with five other sources of data, including note-taking via observations, document analysis of lesson plan, curriculum content, policy, and guidelines. NVIVO software was used to organize the narratives and guide the thematic analysis findings. The findings demonstrated that entrepreneurial competency is important for the engineering TVET instructors to pass on the necessary entrepreneurial skills to students. In view of the latest trends in business and marketing strategies and wide application of gig economy, the range of competency in entrepreneurial skills identified in shaping the future orientation of entrepreneurial fields.

  • Abd Rahman, S. S., Muhammad Sabri, M. F. & Nadzri, S. (2015). Self-entrepreneurship competence among students taking entrepreneurship courses at university. [Paper presentation]. Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Management and Muamalah 2015 (2ndICoMM) (pp. 372 – 384). Selangor: International Islamic University College Selangor.

  • Abd. Aziz, M. S. (2007). Designing the national standard framework for TVET teacher / instructor coaching programs [Unpublished Masters’ thesis]. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

  • Abdullaeva, A. M., Maigeldieva, S. M., Bukharbayeva, A. Z., Talapbayeva, G. E., & Mukhanova, A. (2020). Psychological and Pedagogical Foundation in the Formation of Entrepreneurial Competence of Future Teachers. Talent Development & Excellence, 12(1). Retrieved from https://www.iratde.com/index.php/jtde/article/view/619

  • Abdullah, Z., Hoque, K. E., Ramlan, N. H., & Shafee, S. (2019). Designing the structural model of TVET lecturers’ professionalism and generic skills based on an empirical study in Malaysia. SAGE Open, 9(3). doi: 10.1177/215824401986145

  • Abu Baser, J., Mohd Suhaimi, N. S., Othman, H., Hasan, A., Rahim, M. B. & Nur Yunus, M. F. A. (2016). Designing Malaysian teachers’ standard in design and technology teacher preparation program [Unpublished Master’s thesis]. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

  • Affandi, H. M., MK, M. F., Lazaro, M. H., Khamis, A., Abas, N. H., Sallehuddion, M., & Yunus, F. A. N. (2020). The development of a generic competency portfolio for Malaysian TVET construction graduates. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 12(3), 143-153. doi: 10.30880/jtet.2020.12.03.015

  • Al Amin, M. H. (2013). Inculcation of entrepreneurial skills among mechanical engineering students in UTHM [Unpublished Masters’ thesis]. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia.

  • Alazzam, A., Bakar, A. R., Hamzah, R., & Asimiran, S. (2012). Effects of demographic characteristics, educational background, and supporting factors on ICT readiness of technical and vocational teachers in malaysia. International Education Studies, 5(6), 229-243. doi: 10.5539/ies.v5n6p229

  • Barile, N. (2017). Branding, self branding, making: the neototalitarian relation between spectacle and prosumers in the age of cognitive capitalism. In M. Briziarelli, & E. Armano, (Eds.), The spectacle 2.0: Reading debord in the context of digital capitalism (pp. 151-166). University of Westminster Press

  • Bolzani, D., & Luppi, E. (2020). Assessing entrepreneurial competences: Insights from a business model challenge. Education+Training. doi: 10.1108/ET-04-2020-007

  • Chua, J. H. & Jamil, H. (2012a). The effect of field specialization variation on Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) among Malaysia TVET instructors. The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Technology (MOJET). 2(1), 36-44.

  • Chua, J. H. & Jamil, H. (2012b). Factors influencing the Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) among TVET instructors in Malaysian TVET Institution. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science 69(2012), 1539-1547. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.12.096

  • Creswell, J. W. (2013). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches (4th Ed.). SAGE.

  • Creswell, J. W., & Poth, C. (2018). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five approaches: International student edition. (4th Ed.). SAGE.

  • Dahalan, D., D’Silva, J. L., Ismail, I. A., & Mohamed, N. A. (2018). Entrepreneurial mindset among students of technical and vocational education and training (TVET) institutions in Malaysia. Journal of Social Sciences Research, 4(11), 303-311. doi: 10.32861/jssr.411.303.311

  • Eriksson, N., & Stenius, M. (2020). Changing behavioral patterns in grocery shopping in the initial phase of the COVID-19 crisis: A qualitative study of news articles. Open Journal of Business and Management, 8(5), 1946-1961. doi: 10.4236/ojbm.2020.8511

  • Friedman, G. (2014). Workers without employers: Shadow corporations and the rise of the gig economy. Review of Keynesian Economics, 2(2), 171-188. doi: 10.4337/roe.2014.02.03

  • González Moreno, Á., López Muñoz, L., & Pérez Morote, R. (2019). The role of higher education in development of entrepreneurial competencies: Some insights from Castilla-La Mancha university in Spain. Administrative Sciences, 9(1), 16. doi: 10.3390/admsci901001

  • Grosch, M. (2017). Developing a competency standard for TVET teacher education in ASEAN countries. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan, 23(3), 279-287. doi: 0.21831/jptk.v23i3.13418

  • Halberstadt, J., Timm, J., Kraus, S., & Gundolf, K. (2019). Skills and knowledge management in higher education: how service learning can contribute to social entrepreneurial competence development. Journal of Knowledge Management, 23(10), 1925–1948. doi: 10.1108/JKM-12-2018-074

  • Ibrahim, W. N. A., Bakar, A. R., Asimiran, S., Mohamed, S. & Zakaria, N. S. (2015). Impact of entrepreneurship education on the entrepreneurial intentions of students in technical and vocational education and training institutions (TVET) in Malaysia. International Education Studies, 8(12), 141–152. doi: 10.5539/IES.V8N12P14

  • Idris, N. H. & Hamzah, R. (2013). The value of professionalism for prospective teachers based on the Malaysian teacher standards measurement (MTSM). Jurnal Teknologi, 60(2013), 31-37. doi: 10.11113/jt.v60.144

  • Iwu, C. G., Opute, P. A., Nchu, R., Eresia-Eke, C., Tengeh, R. K., Jaiyeoba, O. & Aliyu, O. A., (2019). Entrepreneurship education, curriculum and lecturer-competency as antecedents of student entrepreneurial intention. The International Journal of Management Education, 43(1), 116-120. doi: 10.1016/j.ijme.2019.03.00

  • Kamaliah, S., Roslan, S., Bakar, A. R., & Ghiami, Z. (2018). The effect of supervised work experience on the acquisition of employability skills among malaysian students. Higher Education, Skills and Work-Based Learning, 8(4), 354-364. doi: 10.1108/HESWBL-05-2016-0028

  • Khalil, A. (2017). Designing model of the Malaysian Teacher Professional Development program [Unpublished Doctoral dissertation]. Universiti Malaya, Malaysia.

  • Lebar, O. (2007). Qualitative research: Introduction to theory and methods. Penerbit Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris.

  • Mc Lagan, P.A. (1989). The models. A volume in model HRD practices. American Society for Training and Development (ASTD)

  • Ministry of Education. (2009). Malaysia teacher standard. Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia.

  • Ministry of Education. (2013). Malaysian blueprint 2013-2025. Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia.

  • Mohd Jamil, M. R. (2007). Designing transnational standards framework for TVET instructor programs [Unpublished Masters’ thesis]. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn, Malaysia.

  • Mohd Jamil, M. R. (2016). Designing a SkiVes training curriculum model for the engineering education program based on Work-Based Learning (WBL) [Unpublished degree thesis]. Universiti Malaya, Malaysia.

  • Mohd Jamil, M. R., Siraj, S., Hussin, Z., Mat Noh, N., & Sapar, A. A. (2015). Application of Delphi fuzzy techniques to entrepreneurial element requirements for Malaysian Polytechnic Engineering lecturers. International Journal of Business and Technopreneurship. 5(1), 135-150.

  • Mohd Mustafa, U. A., Mohd Daud, S., Mohd Senon, M. & Mohd Ismail, N. B. (2013, December 1). Career tendency as an entrepreneur among bumiputera students in the final year of the agricultural business diploma, Kolej Profesional Mara Beranang. [Paper presentation]. Graduate Research in Education Seminar (GREduc 2013). Selangor, Malaysia.

  • Nasharuddin, N. & Harun. H., (2010). Entrepreneurial career aspirations among IPTA students. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia. 35(1) 11-17.

  • Omar, M. K., Zahar, F. N., & Rashid, A. M. (2020). Knowledge, skills, and attitudes as predictors in determining teachers’ competency in Malaysian TVET institutions. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(3C), 95-104. doi: 10.13189/ujer.2020.08161

  • Omar, Z., Krauss, S. E., Sail, R. M., & Ismail, I. A. (2011). Exploring career success of late bloomers from the TVET background. Education and Training, 53(7), 603-624. doi: 10.1108/0040091111117199

  • Panfilova, E., Demkina, O., Galichkina, M., Istomina, A., Latysheva, V., & Teymurova, V. (2019). Learning models based on a real project in entrepreneurial education. Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 22(2), 1–12.

  • Ramlan, N. H., Abdullah, Z. & Hussin, S. (2017). General competency level of lecturer in construction technology, civil engineering vocational college, Ministry of Education Malaysia based on job grade and year of teaching experience. Jurnal Kepimpinan Pendidikan, 4(4), 39-55.

  • Rubin, H. J., & Rubin, I. S. (2012). Qualitative interviewing: The art of hearing data (3rd Ed.). SAGE.

  • Said, R. R., Jamian, A. R., & Sabil, M. A. (2016). The scope of knowledge and understanding of teaching and learning of Malay language among school improvement specialist coaches plus (SISC+). International Journal of Education and Training (InJET), 2(2), 1-9.

  • Salleh, K. M. & Sulaiman, N. L. (2020). Reforming Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) on workplace learning and skills development. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(5), 2964–2967. doi: 10.35940/ijrte.E6553.018520

  • Seidman, I. (2013). Interviewing as qualitative research: A guide for researchers in education & social sciences (4th Ed.). Teachers College Press.

  • Sharif, A. M., Kiong, T. T., Zakaria, N. A., & Salih, M. (2017). Graduates of living skills program of a Malaysian public university: A tracer study. Journal of Asian Vocational Education and Training, 10, 53-64.

  • Tamuri, A. H., Ismail, M. F., & Jasmi., K. A (2012). Basic components for Islamic education teacher training. Global Journal Al-Thaqafah, 2(2), 53-63.

  • Thompson, C. J. (2019). The ‘big data’ myth and the pitfalls of ‘thick data’ opportunism: On the need for a different ontology of markets and consumption. Journal of Marketing Management, 35(3-4), 207-230. doi: 10.1080/0267257X.2019.157975

  • TVET Division. (2012). Introduction of PTV transformation. Retrieved, October 12, 2019, from http://www.bptv.edu.my/v3/index.php/transformasi-pendidikan-vokasional.

  • Yin, R. K. (2014). Case study research: design and methods (5th Ed.). Sage Publications Ins.

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JSSH(S)-1492-2021

Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Related Articles