e-ISSN 2231-8534
ISSN 0128-7702

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Low-Carbon Tourism Approach as an Alternative Form for Tourism Development: A Review for Model Development

Fauziah Che Leh, Nor Kalsum Mohd Isa, Mohd Hairy Ibrahim, Mansor Ibrahim, Mohd Yazid Mohd Yunos and Johan Afendi Ibrahim

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 29, Issue 4, December 2021


Keywords: Blueprint, carbon dioxide, climate change, Covid-19, emissions, low-carbon tourism

Published on: 13 December 2021

The tourism industry is a major contributor to the gross domestic product of several countries, including Malaysia. However, recent tourism growth has led to increase the industry’s carbon dioxide (CO2). Low-carbon tourism, therefore, needs to be introduced to the sector to help curb global climate change. A comprehensive understanding of low-carbon tourism needs to be developed to achieve this goal. This article looks at the relevant studies in the literature using content analysis. By adopting a qualitative methodology, the article collected and assessed measurements of tourism’s carbon emissions and examined the effects of implementing a low-carbon tourism programme. Some of the low-carbon strategies were listed by going through the entire implementation process of low-carbon tourism as an alternative form of tourism development. The discussion also focuses on how Covid-19 can influence low-carbon tourism development. A blueprint for a low-carbon recovery proposed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) is also presented at the end of the paper. The results of this study can be used as a basis for policy development and further research on low-carbon tourism in industry sub-sectors worldwide.

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

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