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A Systematic Review on Inter-Relationship of Residential Neighborhood Characteristics on Quality of Life of Elderly

Shanta Pragyan Dash and N Lakhsmi Thilagam

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 30, Issue 4, December 2022


Keywords: Healthy aging, quality of life, residential environment, sense of community

Published on: 15 December 2022

The aspects of spatial planning have been aimed at supporting older people to stay healthy and active in their daily lives, as well as to improve their overall quality of life. Older people require accessible and functional venues and social environments that suit their emotional needs and goals. However, there has been limited study on the most significant characteristics of residential settings that impact the well-being of elderly inhabitants. This study aims to provide a comprehensive review of neighborhood residential environment elements and various Quality of Life (QOL) attributes, as well as their interrelationships, to encourage healthy aging. A framework for analyzing neighborhood features was developed as part of this critical analysis through extensive analysis of chosen articles. According to the review, social life is the most influential component of QOL, followed by neighborhood living settings and housing layouts that promote mobility features to participate in physical activities, generating a feeling of community and belonging and leading to a healthy life. Further research should be conducted to investigate the influence of these characteristics on the overall satisfaction level of the elderly in later life.

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