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Fintech In Malaysia: An Appraisal to the Need of Shariah-Compliant Regulation

Muhammad Ilyas Ab Razak, Nur Akma Mohd Dali, Guru Dhillon and Azwina Wati Abdull Manaf

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 28, Issue 4, December 2020

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.28.4.40

Keywords: Appraisal, Fintech, Islamic finance, Malaysia, Shariah-compliant regulation

Published on: 24 December 2020

The implementation of financial technology (Fintech) in the Islamic finance industry has created a totally new phenomenon of banking and financial behaviour for the stakeholders, particularly in Malaysia. As part of the financial revolution, the Islamic finance sector ought to embrace Fintech to diversify the services/products offered as the digitalisation process is taking place in the Fourth Industrial Revolution era. In order to safeguard the assimilation of the technology into the existing traditional practice of Islamic finance, Shariah-compliant regulation is, therefore, necessary for governing the potential risks associated throughout the process of financial activities. Hence, this paper intends to analyse the need for Shariah-compliant regulation to govern Fintech-related activity in the Islamic finance industry. The article emphasises the need from several aspects such as the non-comprehensiveness of the Islamic Financial Services Act (IFSA) 2013; the increasing rate of financial inclusion and; the qualifications of the Shariah Advisory Council’s (SAC) members in Malaysia. It also provides recommendations through the introduction of subsidiary legislation pursuant to IFSA; production of regulatory sandbox framework especially for Islamic Fintech firms; and emphasis on the importance of SAC members possessing knowledge in technological aspect in order to ensure the need for Shariah-compliant regulation in the Islamic finance industry is properly satisfied.

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JSSH-5701-2020

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