Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 29 (1) Mar. 2021 / JSSH-7177-2020

 

Filipino Families in Slum Communities and their Tales of Survival in Times of Pandemic: An Exploration of Wellness Dimensions

Jem Cloyd M. Tanucan and Marlon T. Bojos

Pertanika Journal of Social Science and Humanities, Volume 29, Issue 1, March 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.1.18

Keywords: COVID-19, families, pandemic, Philippines, slum community, survival, wellness

Published on: 26 March 2021

In this time of pandemic where the balance of wellness dimensions is disrupted, neglecting any dimension can impact adversely on the people’s life most especially those who are deprived including their coping strategies and ultimately their survival. A key factor is to ensure that services and policies are in synched with the state of wellness dimensions. This study examined the state of wellness of the thirty purposively selected families in five slum communities in Cebu, Philippines in times of pandemic. One-on-one semi-structured interview was used in order to gather significant data. Discourse analysis was applied which brought about their tales of survival in synched with their eight wellness dimensions. The findings elaborated that the pandemic and the different mitigation measures to curb it, had taken a heavy toll on the wellness of Filipino families in slum communities. However, this did not topple their resiliency and survivability as the social services and other crisis mitigation policies and strategies afforded by the national government and private sectors, albeit insufficient, including the peculiar Filipino attributes and individual initiatives they manifested and done were instrumental. Furthermore, noting that the essential support and services provided for the families in the slum communities were not holistic enough to address the multi-faceted issues hounding their different wellness dimensions, hence, stemming some non-conforming behaviors despite strict quarantine measures. This study recommends that pandemic mitigation measures including essential support and services be reviewed and enhanced in high consideration of human wellness dimensions for them to be more inclusive and holistic.

  • Acierno, R., Hernandez, M. A., Amstadter, A. B., Resnick, H. S., Steve, K., Muzzy, W., & Kilpatrick, D. G. (2010). Prevalence and correlates of emotional, physical, sexual, and financial abuse and potential neglect in the United States: The national elder mistreatment study. American Journal of Public Health, 100(2), 292-297. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2009.163089

  • Bagshaw, D., Wendt, S., & Zannettino, L. (2009). Preventing the abuse of older people by their family members. Australian Domestic and Family Violence Clearinghouse, 1-16.

  • Bagshaw, D., Wendt, S., Zannettino, L., & Adams, V. (2013) Financial abuse of older people by family members: Views and experiences of older Australians and their family members. Australian Social Work, 66(1), 86-103. https://doi.org/10.1080/0312407X.2012.708762

  • Beaulieu, M., Crevier, M., D’Amours, M., & Diaz, L. (2015). Financial exploitation of older women: A case analysis using the struggle for recognition theory. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 27(4-5) 489-499. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2015.1093990

  • Biggs, S., Manthorpe, J., Tinker, A., Doyle, M., & Erens, B. (2009). Mistreatment of older people in the United Kingdom: Findings from the first national prevalence study. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 21(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946560802571870

  • Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The ecology of human development: Experiments by nature and design. Harvard University Press.

  • Chane, S., & Adamek, M. (2015). “Death is better than misery”: Elders’ accounts of abuse and neglect in Ethiopia. International Journal of Aging & Human Development, 82(1), 54-78. https://doi.org/10.1177/0091415015624226

  • Chang, J., & Moon, A. (1997). Korean American elderly’s knowledge and perceptions of elder abuse. Journal of Multicultural Social Work, 6(1-2), 139-154. https://doi.org/10.1300/J285v06n01_09

  • Choi, N. G., Kulick, D. B., & Mayer, J. (1999). Financial exploitation of elders: Analysis of risk factors based on county adult protective services data. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 10(3-4), 39-62. https://doi.org/10.1300/J084v10n03_03

  • Conrad, K. J., Iris, M., Ridings, J. W., Fairman, K. P., Rosen, A., & Wilber, K. H. (2011). Conceptual model and map of financial exploitation of older adults. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 23(4), 304-325. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2011.584045

  • Conrad, K. J., Iris, M., Ridings, J. W., Langley, K., & Wilber, K. H. (2010). Self-report measure of financial exploitation of older adults. The Gerontologist, 50(6), 758-773. https://doi.org/10.1093/geront/gnq054

  • Darzins, P., Lowndes, G., Wainer, J., Owada, K., & Mihaljcic, T. (2009). Financial abuse of elders: A review of the evidence. State Trustees. Retrieved April 7, 2011, from http://www.statetrustees.com.au/uploads/content/170-3.3.1-Financial-abuse-of-elders_A-review-of-theevidence_2009.pdf

  • Daskalopoulos, M., Mullin, A. S. J., Donovan, E., & Suzuki, H. (2006). English perceptions of elder abuse. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 18(2-3), 33-50. https://doi.org/10.1300/J084v18n02_03

  • Dessin, C. (2003). Financial abuse of the elderly: Is the solution a problem? [Akron Research Paper No. 03- 08]. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.461026

  • Dessin, C. L. (2000). Financial abuse of the elderly. Idaho Law Review, 36(2), 203-226.

  • Dong, X., Chang, E.-S., Wong, E., Wong, B., & Simon, M. A. (2011). How do US Chinese older adults view elder mistreatment? Findings from a community-based participatory research study. Journal of Aging and Health, 23(2), 289-312. https://doi.org/10.1177/0898264310385931

  • Enguidanos, S., Deliema, M., Aguilar, I., Lambrinos, J., & Wilber, K. (2014). Multicultural voices: Attitudes of older adults in the United States about elder mistreatment. Ageing and Society, 34(5), 877-903. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X12001389

  • Gibson, S. C., & Greene, E. (2013). Assessing knowledge of elder financial abuse: A first step in enhancing prosecutions. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 25(2), 162-182. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2013.751820

  • Gilhooly, M. L. M., Cairns, D., Davies, M., Harries, P., Gilhooly, K. J., & Notley, E. (2013). Framing the detection of financial elder abuse as bystander intervention: Decision cues, pathways to detection and barriers to action. The Journal of Adult Protection, 15(2), 54-68. https://doi.org/10.1108/14668201311313578

  • Gilhooly, M. M., Dalley, G., Gilhooly, K. J., Sullivan, M. P., Harries, P., Levi, M., Kinnear, D. C., & Davies, M. S. (2016). Financial elder abuse through the lens of the bystander intervention model. Public Policy & Aging Report, 26(1), 5-11. https://doi.org/10.1093/ppar/prv028

  • Golding, J. M., Hodell, E. C., Dunlap, E. E., Wasarhaley, N. E., & Keller, P. S. (2013). When a son steals money from his mother: Courtroom perceptions of elder financial exploitation. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 25(2), 126-148. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2013.751816

  • Hafemeister, T. L. (2003). Financial abuse of the elderly in domestic setting. NCBI. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK98784/

  • Harden, A., & Thomas, J. (2005). Methodological issues in combining diverse study types in systematic reviews. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(3), 257-271. https://doi.org/10.1080/13645570500155078

  • Hightower, J., Smith, M. J., & Hightower, H. (2006). Hearing the voices of abused older women. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 46(3-4), 205-227. https://doi.org/10.1300/J083v46n03_12

  • Jackson, S. L., & Hafemeister, T. L. (2011). Financial abuse of the elderly vs. other forms of elder abuse: Assessing their dynamics, risk factors, and society’s response (Final report submitted to the National Institute of Justice). National Criminal Justice Reference Service. http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/233613.pdf

  • Jackson, S. L., & Hafemeister, T. L. (2013). Research in brief: Understanding elder abuse: New directions for developing theories of elder abuse occurring in domestic settings. National Criminal Justice Reference Service. https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/241731.pdf

  • Jervis, L. L., Sconzert-Hall, W., & The Shielding American Indian Elders Project Team. (2017). The conceptualization of mistreatment by older American Indians. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 29(1), 43-58. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2016.1249816

  • Kapp, M. B. (1995). Elder maltreatment: Legal interventions and policy uncertainties. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 13(3), 365-380. https://doi.org/10.1002/bsl.2370130305

  • Kaspiew, R., Carson, R., & Rhoades, H. (2016). Elder abuse: Understanding issues, frameworks and responses (Research report no. 35). Australian Institute of Family Studies. https://aifs.gov.au/sites/default/files/publication-documents/rr35-elder-abuse-nov18.pdf

  • Killick, C., Taylor, B. J., Begley, E., Anand J. C., & O’Brien, M. (2015). Older people’s conceptualization of abuse: A systematic review. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 27(2), 100-120. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2014.997374

  • Knight, B. G., Kim, S., Rastegar, S., Jones, S., Jump, V., & Wong, S. (2016). Influences on the perception of elder financial abuse among older adults in Southern California. International Psychogeriatrics, 28(1), 163-169. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610215000587

  • Lee, H. Y., & Eaton, C. K. (2009). Financial abuse in elderly Korean immigrants: Mixed analysis of the role of culture on perception and help-seeking intention. Journal of Gerontological Social Work, 52(5), 463-488. https://doi.org/10.1080/0163437090298313

  • Lee, H. Y., Lee, S. E., & Eaton, C. K. (2012). Exploring definitions of financial abuse in elderly Korean immigrants: The contribution of traditional cultural values. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 24(4), 293-311. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2012.661672

  • Lee, H. Y., Yoon, H. S., Shin, N., Moon, J.Y., Kwon, J. H., Park, E. S., Nam, R., Kang, S. B., & Park, K. H. (2011). Perception of elder mistreatment and its link to help-seeking intention. A comparison of elderly Korean and Korean American immigrants. Clinical Gerontologist, 34(4), 287-304. https://doi.org/10.1080/07317115.2011.573407

  • Lee, Y. S., Kaplan, C. P., & Perez-Stable, E. J. (2014). Elder mistreatment among Chinese and Korean immigrants: The roles of sociocultural contexts on perceptions and help-seeking behaviors. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 23(1), 20-44. https://doi.org/10.1080/10926771.2014.864741

  • Manthorpe, J., Samsi, K., & Rapaport, J. (2012). Responding to the financial abuse of people with dementia: A qualitative study of safeguarding experiences in England. International Psychogeriatrics, 24(9), 1454-1464. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1041610212000348

  • Mihaljcic, T., & Lowndes, G. (2013). Individual and community attitudes toward financial elder abuse. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 25(2), 183-203. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2012.712867

  • Naughton, C., Drennan, J., Lyons, I., Lafferty, A., Treacy, M., Phelan, A., & Delaney, L. (2012). Elder abuse and neglect in Ireland: Results from a national prevalence survey. Age and Ageing, 41(1), 98-103. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afr107

  • Paranjape, A., Sprauve-Holmes, N. E., Gaughan, J., & Kaslow, N. J. (2009). Lifetime exposure to family violence: Implications for the health status of older African American women. Journal of Women’s Health, 18(2), 171-175. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2008.0850

  • Payne, B. K., & Strasser, S. M. (2012). Financial exploitation of older persons in adult care settings: Comparisons to physical abuse and the justice system’s response. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 24(3), 231-250. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2011.653315

  • Peterson, J. C., Burnes, D. P., Caccamise, P. L., Mason, A., Henderson, C. R., Wells, M. T., Berman, J., Cook, A. M., Shukoff, D., Brownell, P., Powell, M., Salamone, A., Pillemer, K. A., & Lachs, M. S. (2014). Financial exploitation of older adults: A population-based prevalence study. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 29, 1615-1623. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-014-2946-2

  • Petrusic, N., Todorovic, N., Vracevic, M., & Jankovic, B. (2015). Financial abuse of older women in Serbia. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 27(4-5), 410-421. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2015.1094300

  • Ploeg, J., Lohfeld, L., & Walsh, C. A. (2013). What is “elder abuse”? Voices from the margin: The views of underrepresented Canadian older adults. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 25(5), 396-424. https://doi.org/10.1080/08946566.2013.780956

  • Rabiner, D. J., Brown, D., & O’Keeffe, J. (2004). Financial exploitation of older persons: Policy issues and recommendations for addressing them. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 16(1), 65-84. https://doi.org/10.1300/J084v16n01_04

  • Rabiner, D. J., O’Keeffe, J., & Brown, D. (2005). A conceptual framework of financial exploitation of older persons. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 16(2), 53-73. https://doi.org/10.1300/J084v16n02_05

  • Rabiner, D. J., O’Keeffe, J., & Brown, D. (2006). Financial exploitation of older persons. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 18(2), 47-68. https://doi.org/10.1300/J031v18n02_04

  • Sanchez, Y. M. (1997). Distinguishing cultural expectations in assessment of financial exploitation. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 8(2), 49-59. https://doi.org/10.1300/J084v08n02_05

  • Schiamberg, L. B., & Gans, D. (2000). Elder abuse by adult children: An applied ecological framework for understanding contextual risk factors and the intergenerational character of quality of life. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 50(4), 329-359. https://doi.org/10.2190/DXAX-8TJ9-RG5K-MPU5

  • Segal, M., Doron, I., & Mor, S. (2021) Consumer fraud: Older people’s perceptions and experiences. Journal of Aging & Social Policy, 33(1), 1-21. https://doi.org/10.1080/08959420.2019.1589896

  • Smith, R. (1999). Fraud & financial abuse of older persons. Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice, 132. https://www.aic.gov.au/publications/tandi/tandi132

  • Setterlund, D., Tilse, C., Wilson, J., Mccawley, A. L., & Rosenman, L. (2007). Understanding financial elder abuse in families: The potential of routine activities theory. Ageing and Society, 27(4), 599-614. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X07006009

  • Tsukada, N., Saito, Y., & Tatara, T. (2001). Japanese older people’s perceptions of “elder abuse”. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 13(1), 71-89. https://doi.org/10.1300/J084v13n01_04

  • Wendt, S., Bagshaw, D., Zannettino, L., & Adams, V. (2015). Financial abuse of older people: A case study. International Social Work, 58(2) 287-296. https://doi.org/10.1177/0020872813477882

  • Wilber, K. H., & Reynolds, S. L. (1997). Introducing a framework for defining financial abuse of the elderly. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect, 8(2), 61-80. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494813503055

  • Wolf, R. S. (2003). Elder abuse and neglect: History and concepts. In R. J. Bonnie & R. B. Wallace R. B. (Eds.), Elder mistreatment: Abuse, neglect, and exploitation in an aging America (pp. 238-248). National Research Council.

  • World Health Organisation. (2002). Missing voices: Views of older persons on elder abuse. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/hq/2002/WHO_NMH_VIP_02.1.pdf?ua=1

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JSSH-7177-2020

Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Related Articles