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ISSN 0128-7680

Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 32 (3) Apr. 2024 / JST(S)-0605-2023


C-Slot Circular Polarized Antenna for Hybrid Energy Harvesting and Wireless Sensing

Irfan Mujahidin, Sidiq Syamsul Hidayat, Muhamad Cahyo Ardi Prabowo and Akio Kitagawa

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 32, Issue 3, April 2024


Keywords: CP antenna, hybrid energy harvesting, wireless sensing

Published on: 24 April 2024

This paper presents a new hybrid energy harvesting on electromagnetic solar for wireless energy harvesting of ambient from sensors of low-power devices. The axial ratio (AR) requirements produce Left-Hand Circular Polarization (LHCP) and Right-Hand Circular Polarization (RHCP) and simultaneously produce a 90-degree phase difference during energy harvesting, adopting a new design in designing a dual-feed broadband circular polarized (CP) antenna. To get the frequency band 2.3–2.4 GHz, we propose a C-Slot antenna with a circular patch dual feed. To estimate the diversity of the phase and magnitude output of the feed configuration under AR value, we used a 50 Ohm feed network output of the characteristic analysis for a dual feed CP antenna. An Axial ratio frequency range of less than 3 dB is achieved using polarization analysis with different branch channel couplers. To produce a DC output voltage, a high-frequency rectifier circuit embedded with a thin-film solar cell on the antenna is then connected to two T-junction power divider rectifiers, resulting in a high-efficiency design. A complete system-level analysis will include multiple signal classification methods of powered ambient RF energy using a wireless energy harvesting array that proposes a compact structure and demonstrates optimal configuration. Reliable operation in typical indoor environments indicates a self-contained sensor Node. Therefore, it has significant implications for powering small electronics and wireless sensor applications independently of the IoT Network or real implementation telecommunications industry.

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