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Utilizing Rainwater Harvesting System for Water Scarcity at a Double-Story Residential House

Muhammad Izzuddin Rosli, Sharifah Abdullah and Nur Asmaliza Mohd Noor

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 31, Issue 6, October 2023


Keywords: Rainwater harvesting, residential building, runoff, water scarcity

Published on: 12 October 2023

The use of rainwater is widely recognized as a dependable solution to reduce and mitigate the effects of water scarcity. Research on rainwater harvesting systems has increased significantly in recent years, especially on methods and treatment systems. A rainwater harvesting system can be described as collecting and storing rainwater that can be used rather than waste as runoff. A rainwater collection system might lessen the reliance on the public water supply. This study aims to determine the suitability of a rainwater harvesting system at a double-story house, thus identifying the suitable tank size for installation. This study’s analysis used the Tangki NAHRIM 2.0 with localized input data such as rainfall, suitable roof area, and roof runoff coefficient. Findings from this study indicate that installing the rainwater harvesting system at a double-story house is suitable, and the optimum tank size is 3m3 by considering all the activities that contribute to water usage. Concisely, installing a rainwater harvesting system can reduce the monthly water bill and minimize the usage of treated water, thus preventing water scarcity in the future.

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