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Numerical Investigation on the Distribution of Pressure Coefficients of Modified Building Shapes

Siti Rohani Mohd Isdris, Shaharudin Shah Zaini, Mohammad Hafifi Hafiz Ishaik, Mohammad Sharizal Abdul Aziz and Noorhazlinda Abd Rahman

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 31, Issue 6, October 2023


Keywords: Aerodynamic modification, CFD, tall building, wind pressure coefficient

Published on: 12 October 2023

The construction of tall buildings in urban areas has grown in number in recent years. However, architects and engineers face a variety of design challenges due to the variety of heights and shapes of new building designs. This study evaluates the impact of shape mitigation on tall buildings by applying corner modifications, such as chamfered, corner cut, plan changes with height, tapered, and setback, and combining a single modification model. The numerical simulations were carried out using Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) simulation with the RNG k-ε type of turbulence model. All single modifications reduced the maximum +Cp and -Cp better than the basic model. The corner-cut model was the most effective method for reducing the suction effect. Combining the setback, chamfering the corner, and twisting the building model at 45° modification was the most effective approach to reduce the maximum +Cp in the 25–42.10% range in Face 1. Modifying a square model with the combination of setback, chamfer, and 45° rotation reduced the maximum -Cp, ranging from 36.9–50%. The composite 1 model and composite 2 model reduced the suction effect in the range of 15.38–33.33% in Face 3. The adoption of composite modification was insignificant in reducing the suction effect on the sidewall, where the maximum -Cp was recorded to be between 3.62–5.43%.

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