Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 29 (1) Jan. 2021 / JST-2154-2020


Distribution of Benthic Macroinvertebrates in Seafloor Northward of Pulau Indah, Klang

Mohd Sophian Mohd Kasihmuddin and Zaidi Che Cob

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.1.34

Published: 22 January 2021

An assessment of community of benthic macroinvertebrates in waters northwards of Pulau Indah, Klang was made with the main objective to determine distribution and diversity of benthic macroinvertebrates as well as to establish possible correlation between the community's distributions with environmental parameters. The sediments were obtained via Ponar Grab (0.023 m2 mouth area), followed by filtration (500 µm) and laboratory sorting in order to extract all specimens from sediments. The specimens were identified to the lowest taxonomic hierachy as possible. The physical parameters such as organic carbon (TOC) and grain size distributions were analysed. A total of 775 annelids, 15 arthropods, 12 echinoderms and 32 molluscs individuals were identified and recorded in six stations overall. Family Cirratulidae accounted to the highest numbers of the Annelids (n=358), whilst Cerithidae recorded as highest numbers of Molluscs. Station 5, 6 and 1 recorded the highest diversity index (H'=2.1845), evenness index (J'=0.6316) and richness index (Dmn=22.0454) respectively. Principal Component Analysis indicated sediment particle size as the major connector on all stations, with different station correlated to certain sizes of sediment particle. Pearson correlation analysis showed positive correlations between environmental parameters with eight benthic taxa in this study, with most correlations were on specific sediment particle size. As the study of benthic community is still inadequate in most of Malaysians waters, particularly in highly industrialised area such as waters in Port Klang, this study can serve as a starting point for any future studies concerning ecological disturbance affecting benthic community in Malaysian waters.

  • Al-Khayat, J. A., Abdulla, M. A., & Alatalo, J. M. (2018). Diversity of benthic macrofauna and physical parameters of sediments in natural mangroves and in afforested mangroves three decades after compensatory planting. Aquatic Sciences, 81(1), 1-18. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00027-018-0599-7

  • Altuhafi, F., & Baudet, B. A. (2011). A hypothesis on the relative roles of crushing and abrasion in the mechanical genesis of a glacial sediment. Engineering Geology, 120(1-4), 1-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enggeo.2011.03.002

  • Arbi, I., Zhang, J., Liu, S., Wu, Y., & Huang, X. (2017). Benthic habitat health assessment using macrofauna communities of a sub-tropical semi-enclosed bay under excess nutrients. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 119(2), 39-49. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.03.042

  • Baharuddin, N., Basri, N. B., & Syawal, N. H. (2018). Marine gastropods (Gastropoda; mollusca) diversity and distribution on intertidal rocky shores of Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. AACL Bioflux, 11(4), 1144-1154.

  • Barros, F., de Carvalho, G. C., Costa, Y., & Hatje, V. (2012). Subtidal benthic macroinfaunal assemblages in tropical estuaries: Generality amongst highly variable gradients. Marine Environmental Research, 81, 43-52. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2012.08.006

  • Belal, A. A. M., Kelany, M. S., Hamed, M. M., & El-Fattah, L. S. A. (2020). Selected bacterial communities associated with macro-benthic fauna assemblages at the Timsah Lake and the Western Lagoon’s sediments, Suez Canal, Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 46(2), 137-143. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejar.2020.02.003

  • Bernardino, A. F., de Oliveira Gomes, L. E., Hadlich, H. L., Andrades, R., & Correa, L. B. (2018). Mangrove clearing impacts on macrofaunal assemblages and benthic food webs in a tropical estuary. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 126, 228-235. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.11.008

  • Bernhard, J. M., Ostermann, D. R., Williams, D. S., & Blanks, J. K. (2006). Comparison of two methods to identify live benthic foraminifera: A test between Rose Bengal and CellTracker Green with implications for stable isotope paleoreconstructions. Paleoceanography, 21(4), 1-8. doi: https://doi.org/10.1029/2006PA001290

  • Bolam, S. G., McIlwaine, P. S. O., & Garcia, C. (2016). Application of biological traits to further our understanding of the impacts of dredged material disposal on benthic assemblages. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 105(1), 180-192. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.02.031

  • Cabrol, J., Trombetta, T., Amaudrut, S., Aulanier, F., Sage, R., Tremblay, R., … & Winkler, G. (2019). Trophic niche partitioning of dominant North-Atlantic krill species, Meganyctiphanes norvegica, Thysanoessa inermis, and T. raschii. Limnology and Oceanography, 64(1), 165-181. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/lno.11027

  • ELTurk, M., Abdullah, R., Zakaria, R. M., & Bakar, N. K. A. (2019). Heavy metal contamination in mangrove sediments in Klang estuary, Malaysia: Implication of risk assessment. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 226, 1-7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2019.106266

  • Fauchald, K., Jumars, P.A. (1979). The diet of worms: A study of polychaete feeding guilds. Oceanography Marine Biology Annual Review, 17, 193-284.

  • Ferrando, A., & Méndez, N. (2011). Efectos de la contaminación orgánica sobre la distribución de las comunidades de anélidos en la laguna costera “estero de urías” (Mexico) [Effects of organic pollution on the distribution of annelid communities in the coastal lagoon, Urias estuary (Mexico)]. Scientia Marina, 75(2), 351-358. doi: https://doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2011.75n2351

  • Fujita, T., & Irimura, S. (2015). Preliminary list of ophiuroids (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea) collected from the Johor Straits, Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 2015(31), 264-272.

  • Gholizadeh, M., Yahya, K., Talib, A., & Ahmad, O. (2012). Effects of environmental factors on polychaete assemblage in Penang National Park, Malaysia. World Academy of Science, 72(December 2012), 669-672.

  • Gondim, A. I., Alonso, C., Dias, T. L. P., Manso, C. L. C., & Christoffersen, M. L. (2013). A taxonomic guide to the brittle-stars (Echinodermata, Ophiuroidea) from the State of Paraíba continental shelf, Northeastern Brazil. ZooKeys, 307, 45-96. doi: https://doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.307.4673

  • Guan, W. S., Ghaffar, M. A., Ali, M. M., & Cob, Z. C. (2014). The Polychaeta (Annelida) communities of the Merambong and Tanjung Adang Shoals, Malaysia, and its relationship with the environmental variables. Malayan Nature Journal, 66(1-2), 168-183.

  • Halim, S. S. A., Shuib, S., Talib, A. & Yahya, K. (2019). Species composition, richness, and distribution of molluscs from intertidal areas at Penang Island, Malaysia. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 41(1), 165-173.

  • Hanapiah, M., Zulkifli, S. Z., Mustafa, M., Mohamat-Yusuff, F., & Ismail, A. (2018). Isolation, characterization, and identification of potential Diuron-degrading bacteria from surface sediments of Port Klang, Malaysia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 127, 453-457. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.12.015

  • Harris, H. & Aris, A. Z. (2015). Distribution of metals and quality of intertidal surface sediment near commercial port and estuaries of urbanized rivers in Port Klang, Malaysia. Environmental Earth Sciences, 73, 7205-7218. doi: 10.1007/s12665-014-3900-7

  • Hill, N. A., Simpson, S. L., & Johnston, E. L. (2013). Beyond the bed: Effects of metal contamination on recruitment to bedded sediments and overlying substrata. Environmental Pollution, 173, 182-191. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2012.09.029

  • Horton, T., Gofas, S., Kroh, A., Poore, G. C. B., Read, G., Rosenberg, G., … & Vranken, S. E. (2017). Improving nomenclatural consistency: A decade of experience in the World Register of Marine Species. European Journal of Taxonomy, 2017(389), 1-24. doi: https://doi.org/10.5852/ejt.2017.389

  • Hossain, M. B. (2018). Trophic functioning of macrobenthic fauna in a tropical acidified Bornean estuary (Southeast Asia). International Journal of Sediment Research, 34(1), 48-57. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsrc.2018.08.002

  • Huntington, T. G., Ryan, D. F., & Hamburg, S. P. (1988). Estimating soil nitrogen and carbon pools in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 52(4), 1162-1167. doi: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1988.03615995005200040049x

  • Idris, I., & Arshad, A. (2013). Checklist of polychaetous annelids in Malaysia with redescription of two commercially exploited species. Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8(3), 409-436. doi: 10.3923/ajava.2013.409.436

  • Kamarudin, K. R., Usup, G., Hashim, R., & Rehan, M. M. (2015). Sea cucumber (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) species richness at selected localities in Malaysia. Pertanika Tropical Agricultural Science, 38(1), 7-32.

  • Lu, L. (2005). Seasonal variation of macrobenthic infauna in the Johor Strait, Singapore. Aquatic Ecology, 39(1), 107-111. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10452-004-7111-2

  • Mason, N. W. H., Mouillot, D., Lee, W. G., & Wilson, J. B. (2005). Functional richness, functional evenness and functional divergence: The primary components of functional diversity. Oikos, 111(1), 112-118. doi: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0030-1299.2005.13886.x

  • Mattos, G., Cardoso, R. S., & Santos, A. S. D. (2013). Environmental effects on the structure of polychaete feeding guilds on the beaches of Sepetiba Bay, south-eastern Brazil. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 93(4), 973-980. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025315412000707

  • Mohamamad, A., & Jalal, K. C. A. (2018). Macrobenthic diversity and community composition in the Pahang Estuary, Malaysia. Journal of Coastal Research, 82(4), 206-211. doi: https://doi.org/10.2112/SI82-030.1

  • Mosbahi, N., Serbaji, M. M., Pezy, J. P., Neifar, L., & Dauvin, J. C. (2019). Response of benthic macrofauna to multiple anthropogenic pressures in the shallow coastal zone south of Sfax (Tunisia, central Mediterranean Sea). Environmental Pollution, 253, 474-487. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2019.06.080

  • Murray, F., Solan, M., & Douglas, A. (2017). Effects of algal enrichment and salinity on sediment particle reworking activity and associated nutrient generation mediated by the intertidal polychaete Hediste diversicolor. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 495, 75-82. doi: 10.1016/j.jembe.2017.06.002

  • Nakajima, R., Yoshida, T., Othman, B. H. R., & Toda, T. (2009). Diel variation of zooplankton in the tropical coral-reef water of Tioman Island, Malaysia. Aquatic Ecology, 43(4), 965-975. doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10452-008-9208-5

  • Ng, P. K. L. (2017). On the identities of the highland vampire crabs, Geosesarma foxi (Kemp, 1918) and G. serenei Ng, 1986, with description of a new phytotelmic species from Penang, Peninsular Malaysia (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura: Sesarmidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 65, 226-242.

  • Ng, P. K. L., & Davie, P. J. F. (2002). A checklist of the brachyuran crabs of Phuket and Western Thailand. Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication, 23(2), 369-384.

  • Omar, T. F. T., Aris, A. Z., Yusoff, F. M., & Mustafa, S. (2018). Occurrence, distribution, and sources of emerging organic contaminants in tropical coastal sediments of anthropogenically impacted Klang River estuary, Malaysia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 131, 284-293. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2018.04.019

  • Ong, J. Y., & Wong, H. P. S. (2015). Sea cucumbers (Echinodermata: Holothuroidea) from the Johor Straits, Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 2015(31), 273-291.

  • Pandiyarajan, R. S., Jyothibabu, R., Jagadeesan, L., & Arunpandi, N. (2020). Ecology and distribution of tanaids in a large tropical estuary along the Southwest Coast of India. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 33(2020), 1-12. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rsma.2019.101032

  • Queirós, A. M., Birchenough, S. N. R., Bremner, J., Godbold, J. A., Parker, R. E., Romero-Ramirez, A., … & Widdicombe, S. (2013). A bioturbation classification of European marine infaunal invertebrates. Ecology and Evolution, 3(11), 3958-3985. doi: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.769

  • Quimpo, T. J. R., Ligson, C. A., Manogan, D. P., Requilme, J. N. C., Albelda, R. L., Conaco, C., & Cabaitan, P. C. (2020). Fish farm effluents alter reef benthic assemblages and reduce coral settlement. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 153, 1-7. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111025

  • Raut, D., Raman, P. E., Raman, A. V., & Patnaik, L. (2013). Assessment of Benthic community alterations in relation to pollution in a boat harbor in Visakhapatnam, East Coast of India. The Ecoscan, 7(1&2), 51-56.

  • Rehitha, T. V., Ullas, N., Vineetha, G., Benny, P. Y., Madhu, N. V., & Revichandran, C. (2017). Impact of maintenance dredging on microbenthic community structure of a tropical estuary. Ocean and Coastal Management, 144(2017), 71-82.

  • Reid, D. G., & Claremont, M. (2014). The genus Cerithideopsis Thiele, 1929 (Gastropoda: Potamididae) in the Indo-West Pacific region. Zootaxa, 3779(1), 61-80. doi: https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3779.1.8

  • Rosli, N. S., Yahya, N., Idris, I., & Bachok, Z. (2018). Polychaetous annelid community structure in relation to soft bottom sediment characteristics in continental shelf of the southern South China Sea. Journal of Sustainability Science and Management, 13(5), 125-146.

  • Shakouri, A., Mortimer, K., & Dehani, E. (2017). A new species and new records of Magelona (Annelida: Magelonidae) from Chabahar Bay, Gulf of Oman, South-eastern Iran. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 97(7), 1537-1552. doi: https://doi.org/10.1017/S002531541600076X

  • Singh, H. R., & Baharin, N. K. (2016). Gastropod community structure from varying levels of mangrove disturbance in Selangor, Malaysia. Malaysian Forester, 79(1-2), 54-63.

  • Smitha, C. K., Raveendran, T. V., Rosamma, P., & Damodaran, R. (2017). First Record of the polychaete Cossura aciculata from Indian Waters. Journal on New Biological Reports, 6(2), 82-85.

  • Sousa, L. K. S., Júnior, M. N., Cutrim, M. V. J., & de Oliveira, V. M. (2019). Cossura yacy sp. nov. (cossuridae, annelida) from a tropical brazilian estuary. Iheringia - Serie Zoologia, 109, 1-9.

  • Sany, S. B. T., Hashim, R., Salleh, A., Rezayi, M., & Safari, O. (2015). Ecological quality assessment based on macrobenthic assemblages indices along West Port, Malaysia coast. Environmental Earth Sciences, 74(2), 1331-1341. doi: 10.1007/s12665-015-4122-3

  • Sany, S. B. T., Rezayi, M., Hashim, R., Salleh, A., & Safari, O. (2014). Diversity and distribution of benthic invertebrates. International Journal of Environmental, Ecological, Geological and Mining Engineering, 8(7), 458-461.

  • Taupp, T., & Wetzel, M. A. (2018). Functionally similar but taxonomically different: Benthic communities in 1889 and 2006 in an industrialized estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 217, 292-300. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2018.11.012

  • Vijapure, T., Sukumaran, S., Neetu, S., & Chandel, K. (2018). Macrobenthos at marine hotspots along the northwest Indian inner shelf: Patterns and drivers. Marine Environmental Research, 144(December 2018), 111-124. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2018.12.007

  • Wiklund, A. K. E., & Andersson, A. (2014). Benthic competition and population dynamics of Monoporeia affinis and Marenzelleria sp. in the northern Baltic Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 144, 46-53. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2014.04.008

  • Zhen, W. L., Teoh, H. W., Lee, C. W., Lee, S. L., Saito, H., & Chong, V. C. (2020). Macrobenthic community associated with semi-cultured blood cockles (Tegillarca granosa) in tropical mudflats. Continental Shelf Research, 195, 1-11. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2020.104061