e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

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Code-Switching Between Informal Iraqi Dialect and English language Among Iraqi Arab Speakers via WhatsApp Application: Linguistic and Non-Linguistic Factors

Ahmed Abdulateef Sabti, Sabariah Md Rashid and Hutheifa Yousif Turki

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 27, Issue 3, September 2019

Keywords: Code-switching, informal Iraqi dialect, Iraqi monolingual speakers, WhatsApp tool

Published on: 13 September 2019

Code-switching is described as the shifting that occurs between two or more languages concurrently within one conversation. This study aims to examine the application of code-switching between Informal Iraqi Dialect (IID) and English language among Iraqi Arab speakers of English via one of the smartphone applications, namely WhatsApp Messenger (WM). The study also seeks to recognize the types of code switching and motivations among Iraqi students of English for switching from IID into English language. This research adopted a qualitative approach, which involved Fifty (50) typed conversations of twenty (20) Iraqi post-graduate students studying at Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM). Data were collected via two instruments, dubbed WM application to gather the typed conversations and semi-structured interviews. The results obtained from the WM application indicated that the most predominant type of code-switching (CS) used by the participants was intra-sentential CS, especially the intra-lexical code-switching. The findings suggest that the majority of the Iraqi students are inclined to code-switch to English language in smaller parts within the word boundary. The analysis of the interview data disclosed three motivations for the application of code-switching, namely linguistic, technological, and political factors.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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