e-ISSN 2231-8542
ISSN 1511-3701

Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 30 (3) Jul. 2022 / JST-3041-2021


Statistical Analysis of Dry Grinding of Mica in Planetary Mill

Ku Esyra Hani Ku Ishak, Shafinaz Saad, Syed Fuad Saiyid Hashim and Hashim Hussin

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 30, Issue 3, July 2022


Keywords: Dry grinding, fine grinding, mica grinding, planetary mill, statistical analysis

Published on: 25 May 2022

A huge amount of energy can be used for fine particle breakage using the planetary mill resulting in high-cost consumption. Understanding how these operating parameters could affect the dry grinding mechanism in a planetary mill is still not sufficiently discussed. The effect of different operating parameters of planetary mills in the dry grinding of mica was investigated using statistical analysis. A laboratory scale of the planetary mill was used by varying the operating parameters such as grinding time (minutes), rotational speed (rpm), and percentage of grinding media (%). A full factorial design was used involving 48 experiments, and the grinding process’ efficiency was evaluated using the cut size of particles (d50) obtained from the particle size distribution analysis. The analysis was supported by morphological analysis by SEM image and structural distortion by XRD test. The statistical analysis showed a good correlation with the R2 value of 0.874 with the standard deviation of 0.852. It was found that the optimum parameters for grinding time, grinding speed, and grinding media were 20 minutes, 400 rpm, and 30% media charged, respectively, with the d50 value of 7.44 μm. This study provides further insight into the mica breakage operating parameters in a planetary mill.

  • Andrić, L., Terzić, A., Aćimović-Pavlović, Z., Trumić, M., Petrov, M., & Pavlović, L. (2013). A kinetic study of micronization grinding of dry mica in a planetary ball mill. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2013, 1-6.

  • Abd, A. A. (2016). Study the effect of mica as filler in natural rubber properties. Journal of University of Babylon, 24(3), 773-781.

  • Ajaka, E. O., & Akinbinu, V. A. (2011). Design, fabrication and performance analysis of a planetary roll mill for grinding effect. ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 4(6), 75-90.

  • Anderson, J., Shori, S., Jabbari, E., Ploehn, H. J., Gadala-Maria, F., & Priftis, D. (2020). Correlating coating quality of coverage with rheology for mica-based paints. Applied Rheology, 30(1), 119-129.

  • Arbain, R., Othman, M., & Palaniandy, S. (2011). Preparation of iron oxide nanoparticles by mechanical milling. Minerals Engineering, 24(1), 1-9.

  • Ashrafizadeh, H., & Ashrafizaadeh, M. (2012). Influence of processing parameters on grinding mechanism in planetary mill by employing discrete element method. Advanced Powder Technology, 23(6), 708-716.

  • Atanov, S. K., Bigalieva, A. F. Z., Apachidy, N. K., & Rusak, A. V. (2020). Process control issues of fine grinding in a planetary mill. Applied Mathematics Computer Science Control Processes, 16(3), 277-292.

  • Barlow, S. G., & Manning, D. A. C. (1999). Influence of time and temperature on reactions and transformations of muscovite mica. British Ceramic Transactions, 98(3), 122-126.

  • Burmeister, C., Titscher, L., Breitung-Faes, S., & Kwade, A. (2018). Dry grinding in planetary ball mills: Evaluation of a stressing model. Advanced Powder Technology, 29(1), 191-201.

  • Cheng, K., Wan, J., & Liang, K. (1999). Enhanced mechanical properties of oriented mica glass-ceramics. Materials Letters, 39(6), 350-353.

  • Cho, H., Lee, H., & Lee, Y. (2006). Some breakage characteristics of ultra-fine wet grinding with a centrifugal mill. International Journal of Mineral Processing, 78(4), 250-261.

  • El-Mofty, S. E., Abuhasel, K. A., Elbendari, A. M., & El-Midany, A. A. (2020). Ultrafine dry grinding of talc by planetary mill: Effects of operating conditions. Obogashchenie Rud, 6(4), 21-25.

  • Feng, Y. T., Han, K., & Owen, D. R. J. (2004). Discrete element simulation of the dynamics of high energy planetary ball milling processes. Materials Science and Engineering: A, 375, 815-819.

  • Guzzo, P. L., Santos, J. B., & David, R. C. (2014). Particle size distribution and structural changes in limestone ground in planetary ball mill. International Journal of Mineral Processing, 126, 41-48.

  • Hirosawa, F., Iwasaki, T., & Iwata, M. (2021). Particle impact energy variation with the size and number of particles in a planetary ball mill. In MATEC Web of Conferences (Vol. 333, pp. 1-6). EDP Sciences.

  • Lee, J. R., Lee, K. S., Park, Y. O., & Lee, K. Y. (2020). Fluidization characteristics of fine cohesive particles assisted by vertical vibration in a fluidized bed reactor. Chemical Engineering Journal, 380, Article 122454.

  • Li, J., & Hitch, M. (2017). Ultra-fine grinding and mechanical activation of mine waste rock using a planetary mill for mineral carbonation. International Journal of Mineral Processing, 158, 18-26.

  • Liu, S., Li, Q., Xie, G., Li, L., & Xiao, H. (2016). Effect of grinding time on the particle characteristics of glass powder. Powder Technology, 295, 133-141.

  • Paine, K. A. (2019). Physicochemical and mechanical properties of portland cements. In P. C. Hewlett & M. Liska (Eds.), Lea’s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete (pp. 285-339). Elsevier.

  • Palaniandy, S., & Jamil, N. H. (2009). Influence of milling conditions on the mechanochemical synthesis of CaTiO3 nanoparticles. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 476(1-2), 894-902.

  • Pérez-Maqueda, L. A., Blanes, J. M., Pascual, J., & Pérez-Rodríguez, J. L. (2004). The influence of sonication on the thermal behavior of muscovite and biotite. Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 24(9), 2793-2801.

  • Pribytkov, G. A., Baranovskiy, A. V., Korosteleva, E. N., Krinitcyn, M. G., & Korzhova, V. V. (2019). A production of fine ferrotitanium powder by intensive planetary mill grinding. In Materials Today: Proceedings (pp. 461-463). Elsevier.

  • Real, C., & Gotor, F. J. (2019). Effects of the speed ratio on the efficiency of planetary mills. Heliyon, 5(2), Article e01227.

  • Roshanaei, H., Khodkar, F., & Alimardani, M. (2020). Contribution of filler-filler interaction and filler aspect ratio in rubber reinforcement by silica and mica. Iranian Polymer Journal, 29(10), 901-909.

  • Sato, A., Kano, J., & Saito, F. (2010). Analysis of abrasion mechanism of grinding media in a planetary mill with DEM simulation. Advanced Powder Technology, 21(2), 212-216.

  • Usman, H. (2015). Measuring the efficiency of the tumbling mill as a function of lifter configurations and operating parameters (Doctoral dissertation). Colorado University, USA. handle/11124/17125/Usman_mines_0052E_10720.pdf

  • Zhao, S., Wang, G., Yang, H., Chen, G., & Qiu X. (2021). Agglomeration-aggregation and leaching properties of mechanically activated chalcopyrite. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 31(5), 1465-1474.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

Article ID


Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Recent Articles