Home / Regular Issue / JST Vol. 29 (4) Oct. 2021 / JST-2771-2021

 

Crack Behaviour of Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC) Beams Containing Eggshell in Flexural

Mohd Raizamzamani Md Zain, Oh Chai Lian, Lee Siong Wee, Norrul Azmi Yahya and Anizahyati Alisibramulisi

Pertanika Journal of Science & Technology, Volume 29, Issue 4, October 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjst.29.4.44

Keywords: Crack patterns, eggshell, flexural strength, SCC beams, self-compacting concrete

Published on: 29 October 2021

Rapid innovations in the ever-expanding area of the construction sector have turned into such a self-compacting concrete investigation (SCC). As a result of the effect on financial and ecological values, the importance of such innovation is expanding quickly. Many researchers have improved the efficiency of the present SCC using industrial materials. Pertinently, substituting cement with surplus material in the manufacture of concrete is environmentally sustainable. Eggshell has become one of the possible alternatives for cementitious material because it encompasses a compound of calcium. Such endeavour is primarily driven by the restriction of landfill sites and the desire to decrease the warming effect. This study describes the failure behaviour and cracks characteristics of SCC beams comprising eggshells under flexural assessment. In order to measure its compressive strength, an SCC mixture encompassing eggshells was developed and evaluated. The ultimate flexural strength and propagation of cracks were discussed for SCC beams tested under flexural using a various a/d (shear span to an effective depth) ratio. The SCC beams crack widths were also validated with Eurocode2. When loads are placed close to supports (lower a/d ratio), the results show that SCC beams can sustain a higher load with improved deflection control. The finding among all SCC beam assessments unveiled that the initial value of experimental crack width was significantly less than the 0.3mm maximum crack control limit delineated by Eurocode2 (EN 1992-1-1, 2004). Various kinds of crack characteristics have also been detected in SCC beam specimens marked as flexural, shear, and combination of shear-flexural cracks.

  • ACI CODE-318-14. (2014). Building code requirements for structural concrete and commentary. American Concrete Institute.

  • Akinpelu, M. A., Odeyemi, S. O., Olafusi, O. S., & Muhammed, F. Z. (2019). Evaluation of splitting tensile and compressive strength relationship of self-compacting concrete. Journal of King Saud University - Engineering Sciences, 31(1), 19-25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksues.2017.01.002

  • Boel, V., Helincks, P., Desnerck, P., & Schutter, G. D. (2010). Bond behaviour and shear capacity of self-compacting concrete. Design, Production and Placement of Self-Consolidating Concrete, RILEM Bookseries, 1, 343-353. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-90-481-9664-7_29

  • BS 1881-125:2013. (2013). Testing concrete Methods for mixing and sampling fresh concrete in the laboratory. NBS Enterprise Ltd.

  • Challagalli, R., & Hiremath, G. S. (2017). Comparative study on fresh and hardened concrete properties of ternary blend self compacting concrete. International Journal of Advance Research, Ideas and Innovations in Technology, 3(5), 13-17.

  • Dinakar, P., Babu, K. G., & Santhanam, M. (2008). Durability properties of high volume fly ash self compacting concretes. Cement and Concrete Composites, 30(10), 880-886. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2008.06.011

  • Dinakar, P., Reddy, M. K., & Sharma, M. (2013). Behaviour of self compacting concrete using Portland pozzolana cement with different levels of fly ash. Materials & Design, 46, 609-616. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2012.11.015

  • Domone, P. L. (2007). A review of the hardened mechanical properties of self-compacting concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 29(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2006.07.010

  • EPG. (2015). The European guidelines for self-compacting concrete specification production and use. European Project Group.

  • EN 1992-1-1. (2004). Eurocode 2: Design of concrete structures — Part 1-1: General rules and rules for buildings. European Committee for Standardization.

  • Faraj, R. H., Ali, H. F. H., Sherwani, A. F. H., Hassan, B. R., & Karim, H. (2020). Use of recycled plastic in self-compacting concrete: A comprehensive review on fresh and mechanical properties. Journal of Building Engineering, 30, Article 101283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101283

  • Harkouss, R. H., & Hamad, B. S. (2015). Performance of high strength self-compacting concrete beams under different modes of failure. International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials, 9(1), 69-88. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40069-014-0088-x

  • Hassan, A. A. A., Hossain, K. M. A., & Lachemi, M. (2008). Behavior of full-scale self-consolidating concrete beams in shear. Cement & Concrete Composites, 30, 588-596. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2008.03.005

  • Karthick, J., Jeyanthi, I. R., & Petchiyammal, M. (2014). Experimental study on usage of egg shell as partial replacement for sand in concrete. International Journal of Advanced Research in Education Technology, 1(1), 7-10.

  • Mahmod, M., Hanoon, A. N., & Abed, H. J. (2018). Flexural behavior of self-compacting concrete beams strengthened with steel fiber reinforcement. Journal of Building Engineering, 16, 228-237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2018.01.006

  • Odaa, S. A., Hason, M. M., & Sharba, A. A. K. (2021). Self-compacting concrete beams reinforced with steel fiber under flexural loads: A ductility index evaluation. Materials Today: Proceedings, 42, 2259-2267. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2020.12.313

  • Oh, C. L., Lee, S. W., & Zain, M. R. M. (2019). Fresh properties and compressive strength of self-compacting concrete containing eggshells. Malaysian Construction Research Journal, 28(2), 1-10.

  • Okamura, H., & Ouchi, M. (2003). Self-compacting concrete. Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 1(1), 5-15. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.3151/jact.1.5

  • Olowofoyeku, A. M., Ofuyatan, O. M., Oluwafemi, J., & David, O. (2019). Effect of various types and sizes of aggregate on self-compacting concrete. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 640, Article 012054. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/640/1/012054

  • Panda, K. C., & Bal, P. K. (2013). Properties of self compacting concrete using recycled coarse aggregate. Procedia Engineering, 51, 159-164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.01.023

  • Parthasarathi, N., Prakash, M., & Satyanarayanan, K. S. (2017). Experimental study on partial replacement of cement with eggshell powder and silica fume. Rasayan Journal of Chemistry, 10(2), 442-449. https://doi.org/10.7324/RJC.2017.1021689

  • Safi, B., Saidi, M., Aboutaleb, D., & Maallem, M. (2013). The use of plastic waste as fine aggregate in the self-compacting mortars: Effect on physical and mechanical properties. Construction and Building Materials, 43, 436-442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2013.02.049

  • Sharifi, Y. (2012). Structural performance of self-consolidating concrete used in reinforced concrete beams. KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 16(4), 618-626. https://doi.org/DOI 10.1007/s12205-012-1517-5

  • Siddique, R. (2011). Properties of self-compacting concrete containing class F fly ash. Materials & Design, 32(3), 1501-1507. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2010.08.043

  • Sonebi, M., Tamimi, A., & Bartos, P. J. M. (2003). Performance and cracking behaviour of reinforced beams cast with self-compacting concrete. ACI Materials Journal, 100(6), 492-500.

  • Tang, W. C., Ryan, P. C., Cui, H. Z., & Liao, W. (2016). Properties of self-compacting concrete with recycled coarse aggregate. Advances in Materials Science and Engineering, 2016, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/2761294

  • Tošić, N., Marinković, S., & Ignjatović, I. (2016). A database on flexural and shear strength of reinforced recycled aggregate concrete beams and comparison to Eurocode 2 predictions. Construction and Building Materials, 127, 932-944. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.10.058

  • Yerramala, A. (2014). Properties of concrete with eggshell powder as cement replacement. The Indian Concrete Journal, 88(10), 94-102.

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JST-2771-2021

Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Related Articles