Home / Regular Issue / JTAS Vol. 29 (2) Jun. 2021 / JSSH-7370-2020

 

Identification of Adaptive Capacity’s Drivers in an Urban River Neighbourhood based on Community Experiences

Rohana Mohd Firdaus, Mohd Hisyam Rasidi and Ismail Said

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 29, Issue 2, June 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjssh.29.2.20

Keywords: Adaptive capacity, community, neighbourhood, social memory, urban river

Published on: 28 June 2021

Urban river neighbourhood communities have been swiftly adapting to rapid urbanisation despite the unsolved issues with their rivers. These issues indicate that there are gaps that need to be addressed, particularly the ones related to social aspects. In an attempt to fill in those gaps, this study aimed to identify the drivers of the adaptive capacity of an urban river neighbourhood community in Kg. Pertanian, Kulai, Johor. Data were elicited through focus group discussions with 27 residents followed by subsequent personal interviews. The obtained transcriptions were analysed by Nvivo12. From the results, it was found that there were three dominant drivers, namely ‘community identity’, ‘community response’, and ‘stakeholder agency’. ‘Community identity’ refers to the community’s contentment with life and its essential neighbourly relationships. ‘Community response’ reflects the community’s process of learning from experience and how its residents used the knowledge to benefit the community’s well-being. Finally, ‘stakeholder agency’ encompasses the community’s engagement and communication with stakeholders to avoid conflict during upcoming planning for its urban river and neighbourhood. These drivers were based on the community’ experiences or social memory. Interactions during floods and community events became the foundation for social memory. The interactions also bonded the people in the community, which was evident from the residents’ participation. All in all, the adaptive capacity and consequently the resilience of the urban river neighbourhood community can be attributed to three drivers: ‘community identity’, ‘community response’, and ‘stakeholder agency’.

  • Åberg, E. U., & Tapsell, S. (2013). Revisiting the River Skerne: The long-term social benefits of river rehabilitation. Landscape and Urban Planning, 113, 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2013.01.009

  • Asakawa, S., Yoshida, K., & Yabe, K. (2004). Perceptions of urban stream corridors within the greenway system of Sapporo, Japan. Landscape and Urban Planning, 68(2), 167-182. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(03)00158-0

  • Baschak, L., & Brown, R. (1994). River systems and landscape networks. Landscape Planning and Ecological Networks, 6, 179.

  • Brotons, J. C., & Mallari, J. (2016, November 4). How to revive an ailing river. Development Asia. https://development.asia/case-study/how-revive-ailing-river

  • Chaffin, B. C., & Scown, M. (2018). Social-ecological resilience and geomorphic systems. Geomorphology, 305, 221-230. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.09.038

  • Chan, N. W. (2005). Sustainable management of rivers in Malaysia: Involving all stakeholders. International Journal of River Basin Management, 3(3), 147-162. https://doi.org/10.1080/15715124.2005.9635254

  • Chan, N. W. (2009). Issues and challenges in water governance in Malaysia. Iranian Journal of Environmental Health Science & Engineering, 6(3), 143-152.

  • Chan, N. W. (2012). Managing urban rivers and water quality in Malaysia for sustainable water resources. International Journal of Water Resources Development, 28(2), 343-354. https://doi.org/10.1080/07900627.2012.668643

  • Chan, N. W., Abdullah, A. L., Ibrahim, A. L., & Ghazali, S. (2003). River pollution and restoration towards sustainable water resources management in Malaysia [Paper presentation]. Society, Space & Environment in a Globalised World: Challenges and Prospects, Penang, Malaysia.

  • Chaudhury, A. S., Thornton, T. F., Helfgott, A., Ventresca, M. J., & Sova, C. (2017). Ties that bind: Local networks, communities and adaptive capacity in rural Ghana. Journal of Rural Studies, 53, 214-228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2017.05.010

  • Chen, W. Y., Hua, J., Liekens, I., & Broekx, S. (2018). Preference heterogeneity and scale heterogeneity in urban river restoration: A comparative study between Brussels and Guangzhou using discrete choice experiments. Landscape and Urban Planning, 173, 9-22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2018.01.010

  • Chiang, Y.-C. (2018). Exploring community risk perceptions of climate change - A case study of a flood-prone urban area of Taiwan. Cities, 74, 42-51. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2017.11.001

  • Choudhury, M.-U.-I., & Haque, C. E. (2016). “We are more scared of the power elites than the floods”: Adaptive capacity and resilience of wetland community to flash flood disasters in Bangladesh. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 19, 145-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.08.004

  • Cutter, S. L., Barnes, L., Berry, M., Burton, C., Evans, E., Tate, E., & Webb, J. (2008). A place-based model for understanding community resilience to natural disasters. Global Environmental Change, 18(4), 598-606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.07.013

  • Darby, S., & Sear, D. (2008). River restoration: Managing the uncertainty in restoring physical habitat. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Dendler, L., Sharmina, M., Calverley, D., & Traut, M. (2012). Sustainable futures: Multi-disciplinary perspectives on multi-level transitions. Environmental Development, 2, 2-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envdev.2012.03.002

  • Di Fabio, A., & Saklofske, D. H. (2018). The contributions of personality and emotional intelligence to resiliency. Personality and Individual Differences, 123, 140-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2017.11.012

  • Elfithri, R., Toriman, M., Mokhtar, M., & Juahir, H. (2011). Perspectives and initiatives on integrated river basin management in Malaysia: A review. The Social Sciences, 6(2), 169-176. https://doi.org/10.3923/sscience.2011.169.176

  • Eze, P. N., & Knight, J. (2018). A geomorphological characterisation of river systems in South Africa: A case study of the Sabie River. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 105, 196-205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pce.2018.01.001

  • Fazey, I., Carmen, E., Chapin, F. S., Ross, H., Rao-Williams, J., Lyon, C., Connon, I. L. X., Searle, B. A., & Knox, K. (2018). Community resilience for a 1.5°C world. Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, 31, 30-40. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cosust.2017.12.006

  • Fink, E. J., & Gantz, W. (1996). A content analysis of three mass communication research traditions: Social science, interpretive studies, and critical analysis. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, 73(1), 114-134. https://doi.org/10.1177/107769909607300111

  • Folke, C., Carpenter, S. R., Walker, B., Scheffer, M., Chapin, T., & Rockström, J. (2010). Resilience thinking: Integrating resilience, adaptability and transformability. Ecology and Society, 15(4), 20.

  • Fonseca, X., Lukosch, S., & Brazier, F. (2019). Social cohesion revisited: A new definition and how to characterise it. Innovation: The European Journal of Social Science Research, 32(2), 231-253. https://doi.org/10.1080/13511610.2018.1497480

  • Frischenbruder, M., & Pellegrino, P. (2006). Using greenways to reclaim nature in Brazilian cities. Landscape and Urban Planning, 76(1), 67-78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2004.09.043

  • Gleye, P. H. (2015). City planning versus urban planning: Resolving a profession’s bifurcated heritage. Journal of Planning Literature, 30(1), 3-17. https://doi.org/10.1177/0885412214554088

  • Granovetter, M. S. (1973). The strength of weak ties. American Journal of Sociology, 78(6), 1360-1380.

  • Gregory, K. J. (2006). The human role in changing river channels. Geomorphology, 79(3), 172-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2006.06.018

  • Harper, C. L. (2004). Environment and society: Human perspectives on environmental issues. Pearson/Prentice Hall.

  • Holling, C. S., & Meffe, G. K. (1996). Command and control and the pathology of natural resource management. Conservation Biology, 10(2), 328-337.

  • Hunter, M. R. (2011). Impact of ecological disturbance on awareness of urban nature and sense of environmental stewardship in residential neighborhoods. Landscape and Urban Planning, 101(2), 131-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.02.005

  • Jiang, W., Deng, Y., Tang, Z., Cao, R., Chen, Z., & Jia, K. (2016). Adaptive capacity of mountainous rural communities under restructuring to geological disasters: The case of Yunnan Province. Journal of Rural Studies, 47(Part B), 622-629. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.05.002

  • Jim, C. Y., & Chen, S. S. (2003). Comprehensive greenspace planning based on landscape ecology principles in compact Nanjing city, China. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65(3), 95-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(02)00244-X

  • Junker, B., & Buchecker, M. (2008). Aesthetic preferences versus ecological objectives in river restorations. Landscape and Urban Planning, 85(3), 141-154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2007.11.002

  • Keen, M., Brown, V. A., & Dyball, R. (2005). Social learning in environmental management: Towards a sustainable future. Routledge.

  • Krippendorff, K. (2004). Content analysis: An introduction to its methodology. Sage.

  • Kumar, P., Masago, Y., Mishra, B. K., & Fukushi, K. (2018). Evaluating future stress due to combined effect of climate change and rapid urbanisation for Pasig-Marikina River, Manila. Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 6, 227-234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gsd.2018.01.004

  • Li, Y., Beeton, R. J. S., Sigler, T., & Halog, A. (2019). Enhancing the adaptive capacity for urban sustainability: A bottom-up approach to understanding the urban social system in China. Journal of Environmental Management, 235, 51-61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.01.044

  • Ling, T.-Y., & Chiang, Y.-C. (2018). Strengthening the resilience of urban retailers towards flood risks - A case study in the riverbank region of Kaohsiung City. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27, 541-555. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.11.020

  • Lisnyj, K. T., & Dickson-Anderson, S. E. (2018). Community resilience in Walkerton, Canada: Sixteen years post-outbreak. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 31, 196-202. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2018.05.001

  • Magis, K. (2010). Community resilience: An indicator of social sustainability. Society & Natural Resources, 23(5), 401-416. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920903305674

  • Md. Yassin, A., Eves, C., & McDonagh, J. (2010, January 24-27). An evolution of waterfront development in Malaysia [Paper presentation]. 16th annual conference of the Pacific Rim Real Estate Society, Wellington, New Zealand.

  • Nemeth, D. G., & Olivier, T. W. (2017). Resilience: Defined and explored. In D. G. Nemeth & T. W. Olivier (Eds.), Innovative approaches to individual and community resilience (pp. 1-23). Academic Press.

  • Neuendorf, K. A. (2017). The content analysis guidebook (2nd ed.). SAGE Publications.

  • Neuman, W. L. (2014). Social research methods: Quantitative and qualitative approaches (7th ed.). Pearson Education Limited.

  • Nørgaard, H., & Thuesen, A. A. (2020). Rural community development through competitions, prizes, and campaigns: The villagers’ perspective. Journal of Rural Studies, In Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2020.03.006

  • Osborne, M., Sankey, K., & Wilson, B. (2007). Social capital, lifelong learning and the management of place: An international perspective. Taylor & Francis.

  • Palmer, M., Lettenmaier, D., Poff, N., Postel, S., Richter, B., & Warner, R. (2009). Climate change and river ecosystems: Protection and adaptation options. Environmental Management, 44, 1053-1068. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-009-9329-1

  • Parsons, M., & Thoms, M. C. (2018). From academic to applied: Operationalising resilience in river systems. Geomorphology, 305, 242-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geomorph.2017.08.040

  • Patel, R. B., & Gleason, K. M. (2018). The association between social cohesion and community resilience in two urban slums of Port au Prince, Haiti. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 27, 161-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2017.10.003

  • Podolak, K. N. (2012). Multifunctional riverscapes: Stream restoration, Capability Brown’s water features, and artificial whitewater [Doctoral dissertation, University of California, Berkeley]. https://escholarship.org/uc/item/0c18207s

  • Rahman, H. S. N. A., & Yatim, O. M. (1990). Antiquities of Bujang Valley. Museum Association of Malaysia.

  • Robinson, G., & Carson, D. (2015). Resilient communities: Transitions, pathways and resourcefulness: Resilient communities. The Geographical Journal, 182(2), 114-122. https://doi.org/10.1111/geoj.12144

  • Rufat, S., Tate, E., Burton, C. G., & Maroof, A. S. (2015). Social vulnerability to floods: Review of case studies and implications for measurement. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 14(4), 470-486. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijdrr.2015.09.013

  • Sakai, N., Mohamad, Z. F., Nasaruddin, A., Abd Kadir, S. N., Salleh, M. S. A. M., & Sulaiman, A. H. (2018). Eco-Heart Index as a tool for community-based water quality monitoring and assessment. Ecological Indicators, 91, 38-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2018.03.079

  • Samuelsson, K., Giusti, M., Peterson, G. D., Legeby, A., Brandt, S. A., & Barthel, S. (2018). Impact of environment on people’s everyday experiences in Stockholm. Landscape and Urban Planning, 171, 7-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.11.009

  • Schama, S. (1995). Landscape and memory. A.A. Knopf.

  • Schmidt, K., Sachse, R., & Walz, A. (2016). Current role of social benefits in ecosystem service assessments. Landscape and Urban Planning, 149, 49-64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.01.005

  • Solins, J. P., Thorne, J. H., & Cadenasso, M. L. (2018). Riparian canopy expansion in an urban landscape: Multiple drivers of vegetation change along headwater streams near Sacramento, California. Landscape and Urban Planning, 172, 37-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.12.005

  • Stark, D. (1991). Path dependence and privatisation strategies in East Central Europe. East European Politics and Societies, 6(1), 17-54. https://doi.org/10.1177/0888325492006001003

  • Tobi, S. (2016). Qualitative research, interview analysis & Nvivo11 exploration. Abdul Rahim Abdul Shukor (ARAS).

  • Verbrugge, L., & van den Born, R. (2018). The role of place attachment in public perceptions of a re-landscaping intervention in the river Waal (The Netherlands). Landscape and Urban Planning, 177, 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2018.05.011

  • von Bertalanffy, L. (1968). General system theory: Foundations, development, applications. G. Braziller.

  • Wang, Z. (2018). Evolving landscape-urbanisation relationships in contemporary China. Landscape and Urban Planning, 171, 30-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.11.010

  • Wilson, G. A. (2012). Community resilience and environmental transitions. Routledge.

  • Wilson, G. A. (2014). Community resilience: Path dependency, lock-in effects and transitional ruptures. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(1), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2012.741519

  • Wohl, E. (2014). Rivers in the landscape: Science and management. Wiley.

  • Zinia, N. J., & McShane, P. (2018). Ecosystem services management: An evaluation of green adaptations for urban development in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Landscape and Urban Planning, 173, 23-32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landurbplan.2018.01.008

ISSN 0128-7702

e-ISSN 2231-8534

Article ID

JSSH-7370-2020

Download Full Article PDF

Share this article

Related Articles