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The Penetration of CCA Preservative on Four Under-utilized Malaysian Hardwood Species

Mohd. Hamami Sahri, Ling Kwong Hung, Jalaluddin Harun and Faujan B.H. Ahmad

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 16, Issue 2, August 1993

Keywords: CCA preservative, vacuum pressure treatment, Malaysian hardwood

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Four under-utilized Malaysian hardwood species, namely Mempening (Lithocarpus spp.), Nyatoh Nangka Kuning (Pouteria malaccensis (Clarke) Baehni), Pauh Kijang (Irvingia malayana OlivJ and Petai (Parkia speciosa Hassk.) were selected for the treatability study. Two popular timber species, namely Jelutong (Dyera costulata Hk. f.) and Merbau (lntsia palembanica Miq.) were included as controls. The moisture content and density of all the selected timbers were determined prior to the treatment. All the seasoned specimens were vacuumpressure treated with three per cent copper-chrome-arsenate (CCA) preservative (Celcure "A") solution. There is a general correlation between the density (specific gravity) of wood and the penetration of CCA-preservative. Petai exhibited the deepest side penetration (5.0) followed by Jelutong (4.9), Nyatoh Nangka Kuning (3.6), Mempening (1.75), Pauh Kijang (1.5) and Merbau (0). Lower density timber species (Jelutong, Nyatoh Nangka Kuning and Petai) attained deeper penetration when compared to higher density timber species (Mempening, Merbau and Pauh Kijang). Significant differences in side penetration were found among the six species. The four underutilized Malaysian hardwood species are amenable to the vacuum-pressure treatment with CCA preservative.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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