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Evaluation of Properties and Elements in the Surface of Acidic Soil in the Central Region of Thailand

Patarapong Kroeksakul, Arin Ngamniyom, Kun Silprasit, Sakawjai Tepamongkol, Punnada Teerapanaprinya and Kewaraporn Saichanda

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 44, Issue 3, August 2021

DOI: https://doi.org/10.47836/pjtas.44.3.03

Keywords: Acidic soil, central region, soil component, soil property

Published on: 30 August 2021

The study aimed to evaluate and correlate acidic soil components to understand the phenomena of this type of soil. The soil samples were collected from 64 locations in 3 provinces of central Thailand and were tested for soil pH, element content, soil organic matter (SOM), and soil organic carbon (SOC). The results show that soil acidity in central Thailand has an average pH of 4.71 ± 0.87. The soil acidity level ranges from very strongly acidic in Phatum Thani and Nakhon Nayok provinces to strongly acidic in Chachoengsao province. Soil bulk density is about 0.34 g/cm3, and the correlation of soil pH to lead (Pb), nickel (Ni), nitrogen (N), carbon-to-nitrogen ratio (C/N ratio), and zinc (Zn) is as follows: principle component 1 (PC1) is carbon-to-nitrogen ratio > pH > zinc (C/N ratio > pH > Zn), and principle component 2 (PC2) is soil organic carbon > bulk density > soil organic matter (SOC > BD > SOM). Soil pH, SOM, and SOC are in similar groups. The soil abundance at the study site was compared with the ideal soil for plants, and heavy metal contamination in the acidic soil of the central region did not exceed the standard limit. The study found a correlation between SOM and SOM (r = 0.715; p < 0.01), indicating soil quality and microbial activity.

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