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ISSN 1511-3701

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Addition of L-Tyrosine to Improve Betalain Production in Red Pitaya Callus

Fadzliana, N. A. F., Rogayah, S., Shaharuddin, N. A. and Janna, O. A.

Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science, Volume 40, Issue 4, November 2017

Keywords: Hylocereus polyrhizus, betalains, precursor, L-tyrosine, pitaya callus, antioxidant

Published on: 3 Nov 2017

The aim of this study is to enhance betalain production in red pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) callus through supplementation of the precursor L-tyrosine. Red-pigmented calli were produced on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal salt medium supplemented with 2 mg/L naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA), 4 mg/L thidiazuron (TDZ) and different concentrations of L-tyrosine (20, 40, 60, 80, 100 mg/L). The addition of 20 mg/L L-tyrosine was able to increase betacyanin production by 1.5-fold compared to calli grown on Murashige and Skoog (MS) basal salt medium (MSO). The results also revealed that betalain production (calli cultured with 20 mg/L L-tyrosine) was higher than MS medium with 2 mg/L NAA and 4 mg/L TDZ (without L-tyrosine) up to 1.7-fold. Four compounds, namely betacyanin, betaxanthin and two additional compounds, phenolic and flavonoid compounds, were detected in the red-pigmented calli treated with 20 mg/L L-tyrosine that were not found in the fresh fruit sample. This indicates that the callus system has potential to produce betalain pigment and that red-pigmented calli could be an important antioxidant source.

ISSN 1511-3701

e-ISSN 2231-8542

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